Provision of essential Shelter, WASH and FSL Assistance to Earthquake affected Communities in KP and FATA.

Project Project Title: Provision of essential Shelter, WASH and FSL Assistance to Earthquake affected Communities in KP and FATA.

Location: Lower Dir and Swat in KP; Bajaur Agency in FATA
Duration: (01/12/2015) to (31/3/2016)

Background:
A powerful earthquake struck on 26th October 2015 which has affected large area of Pakistan. According to the Meteorological department of Pakistan the earthquake measured 8.1 on the Richter scale. The epicenter of the earthquake was in Badakhshan province in Afghanistan. Severe Tremors jolted the entire Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), Pakistan Administered Kashmir, Punjab, and Balochistan as well as in the capital Islamabad.
Initial reports from NDMA indicated 272 deaths and 2,156 people being injured in Pakistan with 225 of those fatalities occurring in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Province. An additional 1,797 were reportedly injured. 23,296 houses were partially or completely damaged. There were also reports of loss to property and livestock especially in the KP and FATA.
KP being closest to the epicenter of the earthquake is the worst hit. Six districts that include Shangla, Swat, Chitral, Lower Dir, Upper Dir and Torghar have reported massive losses and damage to infrastructure. 50 deaths are reported in Shangla, followed by 35, 32, 26, 20, and 18 in Swat, Chitral, Lower Dir, Upper Dir and Torghar respectively. With nearly 24,000 houses damaged and heavy loss to infrastructure and livestock vulnerability has increased drastically for children, women, older people and persons with disabilities.
According to reports heavy losses were occurred in lower and upper Dir areas as well as Swat Districts. With little assistance available, people are left in the open to spend the nights in cold weather with temperatures hitting as low as zero Degrees Centigrade in most of the areas at night.

Project Rationale
Due to the current prevailing situation the Earth Quake Affected People of Lower Dir, Swat Bajaur Agency of Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) are either living under the blue or in damaged houses which is a severe threat to the lives of the affected people including women, children and disable population of the areas.
AHO intends to provide them with the following facilities to save them from further sufferings:
1: Distribution of Shelter Repair Kits

2: Cash Grants for Shelter Assistance

3: Repair of water points and water treatment

4: Hygiene Promotion and Distribution of Hygiene Kits and IEC material

5: Distribution of Winterization Kits

6: Material support for repair of household latrines

7: Cash for Work (CFW) Programmed for debris clearance

Beneficiaries
For this emergency intervention, 2,500 families will be targeted by AHO. FOCUS will coordinate with relevant stakeholders and organizations operating in the area in order to select beneficiaries not receiving similar assistance already. AHO will ensure that the needs of families with completely destroyed houses as well as the needs of the most vulnerable households are met, and that there is no overlap with other humanitarian actors in the area. To ensure community participation, the proposed intervention is based on initiation meetings with the community of each identified village. By working with the local community and local leaders AHO will identify potential beneficiaries, based on the criteria outlined below. Female-headed households will be targeted in priority.
The proposed intervention is also designed to address the specific needs of different groups from the target communities. Women and children will be treated with particular attention. Further, the implementation team will be gender-balanced. Additionally, representatives of female community groups will participate in the decision making processes, such as the beneficiary selection, project inputs and activities.
The intervention is especially designed to target vulnerable groups. Therefore, the project will target villages with vulnerable groups and vulnerable individuals according to their needs, using the following criteria: • Presence of other emergency/humanitarian actors providing similar support, with only such areas being selected where no other actor is covering the Shelter/NFI/WASH needs;• Not receiving similar assistance from any other source; • Families with a significant proportion of children under five years of age, elderly, pregnant and/or lactating mothers and malnourished children;• With high level of vulnerability to future food insecurity (primarily due to lack of livelihoods opportunities) including those with a large family size and having unemployed family members; • Those with extremely vulnerable persons including persons with disabilities or chronic illness;• Female and child headed households.

Objectives
• To provide Shelter and NFIs facilities to the Earthquake affected people• To provide Cash For Work to the affected people for economic support

Implementation Methodology
Under the umbrella of ACTED, the proposed project will be implemented by AHO through its Regional Office in ???. A dedicated project team will assist AHO staff in the identification of households as well as distribution of items.
AHO will adopt the following strategy for implementation of the proposed project:
Preliminary Activities Activity 0.1: Staff HiringAHO will hire 31 staff members for the project. The staff will contain 01 Project Coordinator, 1 team leader, 03 Sub-Engineers, 01 M&E Officer, 12 Hygiene Promoters, 02 Data Entry Operators, 01 Admin & Finance Officer, 03 Logistic Assistants, 06 Security Guards and 01 office Boy/Cook. All recruited for 04 months.
Activity 0.2: Staff Induction and OrientationThe newly appointed staff will be given one day project orientation and induction to enable them to understand the crux of the project activities.
Activity 0.3: Hiring of VehiclesAHO will hire 04 vehicles for Field activities to enable the field staff to carry out the field activities without hurdles.
Activity 0.4: Transportation of MaterialThe AHO Logistic staff will transport the material from ACTED Warehouse Chakdara to the targeted districts/agency for further distribution among the affected people.
Activity 0.5: Initial Community Mobilization: Acceptance of the project by all community stakeholders is critical for the success and feasibility of the action. Cooperation and understanding of the project by target communities will be promoted through in-depth meetings explaining the action, with a specific emphasis on the beneficiary selection process. In addition, community members will be closely involved in an initial participatory rural assessment.
Activity 0.6: Creation and capacity development of COs/CBOs:Community organizations (COs) will be created, when not existing, for each target village. Where existing, they will be assessed in terms of their suitability and capacity to partake in the project. They will be provided with capacity building and management training, enabling them to become an active partner in the planning, implementation and sustainability of the Project. The purpose of COs will be to: a) support beneficiary selection, b) take part in participatory rural appraisals,c) identify community priorities and resources, d) promote pro-active community participation in the Action, e) link with local authorities to enhance sustainability and ownership of the Action.
Activity 0.7: Beneficiary SelectionDirect beneficiaries of the project will be selected against the aforementioned vulnerability criteria with AHO targeting earthquake-affected households who lost their shelter and livelihood assets. These standard criteria will be explained to the communities. Final beneficiary lists will be made in consultation and coordination with the COs, in a highly transparent manner, in order to minimise the potential for bias and triangulate suggestions for potential families. AHO’s database teams will then verify the identified beneficiaries to ensure the non-duplication of selected beneficiaries and to filter out any bias.

Core ActivitiesActivity 1: Emergency Shelter AssistanceActivity 1.1: Distribution of Shelter Repair KitsTo distribute shelter repair kits along with shelter construction session to 2,000 earthquake affected households (500 in Swat, 1,000 in Lower Dir and 500 in Bajaur) to enable them construct/rehabilitate their shelters. These same households will also receive IEC Material.
Activity 1.2: Shelter Support Grants 2,000 Shelter kit beneficiaries (500 in Swat, 1,000 in Lower and 500 in Bajaur) will be provided shelter assistance grants to enable them meet other necessary costs to build their shelter such as transportation, miscellaneous items etc.
Activity 1.3: Winterization kitsTo cope with the severe winter in the disaster affected area, AHO will also distribute 2,500 winterization kits (750 in Swat, 1,250 in Lower Dir and 500 in Bajaur Agency) among the affected households.

Activity 2: Emergency WASH Assistance

Activity 2.1: Repair of water points and water treatmentThe project will repair 10 communal water points (5 in Lower Dir and 5 in Swat) which are partially destroyed by the earthquake and land sliding and which need small level repairs in the target districts in consultation with local community and respective TMA and PHED.
Activity 2.2: Hygiene Promotion, Distribution of Hygiene Kits and IEC materialTo address hygiene needs of disaster affected communities, AHO will conduct hygiene promotion sessions with the target communities. AHO will also provide with 2000 standard hygiene kits and 2000 hygiene IEC material (1,000 in Swat and 1,000 in Lower Dir).
Activity 2.3: Material support for repair of household latrines300 affected households will be provided material for construction of latrines the latrines of whom are damaged or destroyed in earthquake (100 in Swat and 200 in Lower Dir).
Activity 2.4: Water FilterTo ensure provision of Clean Drinking Water to the affected people AHO will distribute 200 Water filters (100 in Swat and 100 in Lower Dir)

Activity 3: Emergency FSL Assistance
Activity 3.2: Cash for Work (CFW) Programme for debris clearanceTo arrange cash for work programmes for 500 families (250 in Swat and 250 in Lower Dir) for debris clearance, de-silting of Irrigation Channels, repair of Walking Tracks and other. Priority will be given to disaster affected community, food insecure households and others among lower poverty bands to work as unskilled labor in these CFW schemes.
Activity 3.3: CFW Tool Kits and MaterialAHO will provide 50 Tool Kits and Material among the affected people (25 in Swat and 25 in Lower Dir) to enable the affected community to rehabilitate their damaged shelters.

 

Monitoring and Evaluation
At the beginning of the project, a household assessment survey will be designed and data will collected to allow beneficiary selection based on set criteria (vulnerabilities such as number of members in the households, pregnant and lactating women, state of destruction of shelter, etc). This assessment will also serve to assess household shelter state, needs, and NFI as well as WASH needs to feed into projects activities. Additionally, after the beneficiary selection, AHO will conduct a verification of the beneficiaries identified by the COs in order to assess their selection against the above outlined set criteria.
Throughout the project implementation, AHO will conduct monitoring to ensure that the project’ implementation is in line with the initial plan and the quality standards agreed with ACTED and DFID. This will include site checks, documentation review and beneficiary interviews. AHO will also facilitate supervision and monitoring visits by the ACTED staff. In addition, a complaint response mechanism will be in place.
AHO will report on progress to ACTED on a monthly basis and prepare narrative progress and financial reports on formats to be agreed with ACTED, which will further the progress report to the donor. An end of project evaluation report will be prepared once the project activities are completed. This will capture whether the beneficiaries report having equal access to the assistance, the level of satisfaction with the intervention and the degree of engagement in the project.

 

Other Project Information
Coordination with other Actors: AHO will closely coordinate the project activities with other actors in the area through bilateral meetings as well as participation in the Shelter, WASH and FSL cluster. Coordination with relevant clusters will take place through regular participation in other provincial and national cluster meetings and technical working groups. In addition, FOCUS will engage in bilateral meetings with district/agency administration and relevant line departments to discuss the implementation in detail.
Gender Strategy: The proposed intervention has been designed considering the different needs of men, women, girls and boys. Where cultural norms demand, AHO will ensure that female staff members are present at distribution points to help female-headed households. A roster of experienced female Community Mobilisers will be engaged in this project, to ensure the full inclusion of female beneficiaries. The project results will directly reflect specific gendered needs.